CLONE STAMP TOOL
Introduction to Photoshop
- Introduction of Photoshop
- Objectives• Be familiar with the Photoshop environment.• Understand the concept and use the Photoshop.• Create graphics and manipulate images using the different tools and plug-ins of Photoshop.
- What is Adobe Photoshop?• Photoshop is the leading professional image- editing program, released by Adobe. Photoshop is useful for both creating and editing images to be used in print or online. Easy to use, but full of high-quality features, Photoshop is the best choice for any image manipulation job.
- Using Photoshop• PowerPoint or Presentations• Publications and lay-outs – Hand-out, brochures• World Wide Web – Graphics for web, web designs, navigations• Video Segmenting• Digtal Materials
- Introduction to Photoshop Photo Restoration and manipulation
- Introduction to Photoshop Working colors and shapes
- Introduction to Photoshop Working with Text
- Introduction to Photoshop Working with Graphics and images
- Starting with Photoshop • Click the “Start” menu and go to the “Programs” folder. You will see an “Adobe” folder with “Photoshop” inside; click this icon.
- Photoshop Interface
- Photoshop Interface• The menu bar consists of nine menus: File, Edit, Image, Layer, Select, Filter, View, Window, and Help.
- The Toolbox• The toolbox contains many of the tools you will be working with in Photoshop. This contains tools for working with images in Photoshop.
- Understanding Layers• One of Photoshop’s most powerful features is the ability to create and use multiple layers within the same image. A layer is literally what it sounds like: one layer on top of another, all of which can be edited independently of each other and laid on top of or beneath one another, and then later combined to form a single, flat image.
- Understanding Layers• So what are all these options in the layers window? 1. Paintbrush Symbol – This symbol (and the blue shading of the layer) notes the currently active layer 2. Show / Hide Layer – When the eye icon is visible, the layer is displayed in your project. If the eye is clicked, then the layer is hidden but not deleted.
- Understanding Layers 3. Link Icon – Indicates if the layer is currently linked to another layer. When linked, layers act “locked” together (and will move with each other, accordingly), but still remain separate layers. Layers can be linked together by selecting one layer, and then clicking the boxes in the other layers to display the “Link” icon (number three on the above list and image).
- Understanding Layer 4. Background – The Background is technically not a layer, however, it can be edited. It is the bottom-most portion of the image. 5. Layer – Each layer has its own name (default is by numbering). Click a layer’s name to edit on that layer. 6. Text Layer – Adding text creates a new text-specific layer.
- Graphic File Formats• GIF: Graphics Interchange Format. Limited to 8 bit, 256 colors. Used for large areas of uniform color. Lossless compression. 2/3rds compression: 96KB = 64KB. Can assign one color as transparent, can also use animation.• JPEG: Joint Photographers Experts Group. The best platform for photographic images; textures and gradations. Very small file size: 96KB = 32KB.• TIFF: Tagged Image File Format. High Quality (used mostly for print).• PSD: Photoshop’s native file format
- Creating an Image Archive• Be sure to maintain the original file.• It is best to create your graphics files in TIF PSD whenever possible. – Then save the file as a JPEG or GIF format for web publishing.
FEATURES OF PHOTOSHOP
-The new and enhanced features in this version are:
- File Browser–The new File Browser lets you search for images visually rather than just by file name.
- Healing Brush & Patch Tool–The Healing Brush and Patch Tool lets you remove artifacts such as dust, scratches, blemishes, and wrinkles.
- Web Transparency–The new Save for Web option enables you to remap colors to transparency or to other colors and to dither a transparency for better partially transparent effects in your Web graphics.
- Enhanced Web Output–Keep vector art and text looking crisp by letting Photoshop or Image Ready automatically assign a higher priority to those areas when you optimize an image for the Web.
- WBMP Support–Preview and save for Web in WBMP format, commonly used for displaying images on PDAs and wireless devices.
- Rollovers Palette–Use one convenient palette to create, view, and set rollover states.
- Workspaces–Customize your Photoshop working environment by creating a palette layout and then saving the layout as a workspace.
- Tool Presets–Customize any tool and save your settings as a new, unique tool.
- Auto Color Command–With the new Auto Color command, color correction is easier.
- Data-Driven Graphics–Use the new data-driven graphics feature in Image Ready to combine visual sophistication with automated production.
- Paint Engine–Create and save custom brushes with a powerful new paint engine that lets you adjust dozens of different brush settings.
- Art Studio Brushes–In addition to the brushes you create yourself, you can use the preset brushes included on the Photoshop CD.
- Pattern Maker–With the new Pattern Maker plug-in, you can create patterns simply by selecting a section of an image.
- Liquify Enhancements–The Liquify command offers more flexibility and allows you to save custom meshes.
- PDF Security–Offers complete support for Acrobat 5.0 security settings.
- Picture Package Enhancements–Now you can print to different page sizes.
- Web Photos Gallery Enhancements–Provides new templates to give you more flexibility.
- XMP Support–Add metadata in XMP so you files can be indexed by Internet search engines.
- Text Support–Use the new spell checker and find and replace features to eliminate typos.
- Tighter Integration–Work more effectively with Photoshop and other Adobe products such as Illustrator, In Design, GoLive, Live Motion, Acrobat, and AlterCast.
Advantages of Adobe Photoshop:
- When you learn how to use Photoshop , It can improve your skills , It is possible to clear up the blemishes and the imperfections in the photos , You can remove and change the backgrounds in the photos .
- The images can be altered to fix the faults , The photographs can be given an professional look when a standard camera is used , New artwork images can be created and edited .
- It is very easy to begin editing the photos , Adobe Photoshop helps you to reduce the red eye or to whiten the teeth with the click of a button , You can adjust the skin tones of people in your pictures .
- Most of the edits regularly done on the photos can be completed with a single click , There is no professional training is needed to complete the complex tasks like adjusting skin tone .
- You can use Adobe Photoshop to import the videos & the photos into the software quickly and easily , Everything will be organized in a neat & orderly way on your screen , when you are deal with hundreds or thousands of photos and videos , It will be easier to find the ones you need and use them , So, It is easy to handle numerous videos and photos .
Disadvantages of Adobe Photoshop:
- Adobe Photoshop is relatively simple to use but it is not a program designed for the beginners It is primarily a photo-editing program for the professionals that plan on editing many photos on a regular basis , There are many different tools that do very different things , so , You will take long time to learn how to use each one correctly .
- Adobe Photoshop is not free , It is a proprietary software , meaning its source code is a secret Source code is the code in which any computer program is written by the human programmers .
- Adobe Photoshop is relatively expensive , When compared with other photo-editing software It has so many features and it is thus regarded as the industry standard in the graphic designing , You will spend much more for Adobe Photoshop , If you do not plan on editing the photos every day .
- Most beginners will not begin to touch the functionality of this program and they could get what they need from another program , Many people who are unfamiliar with editing the photos in Adobe Photoshop , The advanced functionality will be useless for them .
- There are many free and lower cost graphics and photo editors , They are available for the casual users and the enthusiasts who do not need all of the powerful features Photoshop offers .
- Adobe Photoshop requires a well-equipped computer , It is a heavyweight programand many of the tools are computationally intensive , It takes up a large space of room on your computer as well as RAM memory .
- Move And Selection Tools
- Move Tool * ( V )
- The Move Tool is used to move layers, selections and guides within a Photoshop document. Enable “Auto-Select” to automatically select the layer or group you click on.
- Rectangular Marquee Tool * ( M )
- The Rectangular Marquee Tooldraws rectangular selection outlines. Press and hold Shift as you drag to draw a square selection.
- Lasso Tool * ( L )
- With the Lasso Tool, you can draw a freeform selection outline around an object.
- Polygonal Lasso Tool ( L )Click around an object with the Polygonal Lasso Toolto surround it with a polygonal, straight-edged selection outline.
- Magnetic Lasso Tool ( L )
- The Magnetic Lasso Toolsnaps the selection outline to the edges of the object as you move your mouse cursor around it.
- Magic Wand Tool ( W )
- Photoshop’s Magic Wand Toolselects areas of similar color with a single click. The “Tolerance” value in the Options Bar sets the range of colors that will be selected.
- Crop And Slice Tools
- Crop Tool * ( C )
- Use the Crop Toolin Photoshop to crop an image and remove unwanted areas. Uncheck “Delete Cropped Pixels” in the Options Bar to crop an image non-destructively.
- Slice Tool ( C )
- The Slice Tool divides an image or layout into smaller sections (slices) which can be exported and optimized separately.
- Eyedropper Tool * ( I )
- Photoshop’s Eyedropper Tool samples colors in an image. Increase “Sample Size” in the Options Bar for a better representation of the sampled area’s color.
- Note Tool ( I )
- The Note Tool allows you to attach text-based notes to your Photoshop document, either for yourself or for others working on the same project. Notes are saved as part of the .PSD file.
- Brush Tool * ( B )
- The Brush Toolis Photoshop’s primary painting tool. Use it to paint brush strokes on a layer or on a layer mask.
- Pencil Tool ( B )
- The Pencil Tool is another of Photoshop’s painting tools. But while the Brush Tool can paint soft-edge brush strokes, the Pencil Tool always paints with hard edges.
- Color Replacement Tool ( B )
- Use the Color Replacement Toolin Photoshop to easily replace the color of an object with a different color.
- Mixer Brush Tool ( B )
- Unlike the standard Brush Tool, the Mixer Brush in Photoshop can simulate elements of real painting such as mixing and combining colors, and paint wetness.
- Clone Stamp Tool * ( S )
- The Clone Stamp Tool is the most basic of Photoshop’s retouching tools. It samples pixels from one area of the image and paints them over pixels in another area.
- Pattern Stamp Tool ( S )
- Use the Pattern Stamp Tool to paint a pattern over the image.
- History Brush Tool * ( Y )
- The History Brush Tool paints a snapshot from an earlier step (history state) into the current version of the image. Choose the previous state from the History panel.
- Eraser Tool * ( E )
- The Eraser Tool in Photoshop permanently erases pixels on a layer. It can also be used to paint in a previous history state.
- Magic Eraser Tool ( E )
- The Magic Eraser Tool is similar to the Magic Wand Tool in that it selects areas of similar color with a single click. But the Magic Eraser Tool then permanently deletes those areas.
- Gradient Tool * ( G )
- Photoshop’s Gradient Tooldraws gradual blends between multiple colors. The Gradient Editor lets you create and customize your own gradients.
- Paint Bucket Tool ( G )
- The Paint Bucket Tool fills an area of similar color with your Foreground color or a pattern. The “Tolerance” value determines the range of colors that will be affected around the area where you clicked.
- Blur Tool *
- The Blur Tool blurs and softens areas you paint over with the tool.
- Sharpen Tool
- The Sharpen Tool sharpens areas you paint over.
- Smudge Tool
- The Smudge Tool in Photoshop smudges and smears the areas you paint over. It can also be used to create a finger painting effect.
- Dodge Tool * ( O )
- Paint over areas in the image with the Dodge Tool to lighten them.
- Pen Tool * ( P )
- Photoshop’s Pen Toolallows you to draw extremely precise paths, vector shapes or selections.
- Freeform Pen Tool ( P )
- The Freeform Pen Tool allows you to draw freehand paths or shapes. Anchor points are automatically added to the path as you draw.
- Horizontal Type Tool * ( T )
- Known simply as the Type Tool in Photoshop, use the Horizontal Type Tool to add standard type to your document.
- Vertical Type Tool ( T )
- The Vertical Type Tool adds type vertically from top to bottom.
- Vertical Type Mask Tool ( T )
- Rather than adding editable text to your document, the Vertical Type Mask Tool creates a selection outline in the shape of vertical type.
- Horizontal Type Mask Tool ( T )
- Like the Vertical Mask Type Tool, the Horizontal Type Mask Tool creates a selection outline in the shape of type. However, the type is added horizontally rather than vertically.
- Path Selection Tool * ( A )
- Use the Path Selection Tool (the black arrow) in Photoshop to select and move an entire path at once.
- Direct Selection Tool ( A )
- Use the Direct Selection Tool (the white arrow) to select and move an individual path segment, anchor point or direction handle.
- Rectangle Tool * ( U )
- The Rectangle Tooldraws rectangular vector shapes, paths or pixel shapes. Press and hold Shift as you drag to force the shape into a perfect square.
- Rounded Rectangle Tool ( U )
- The Rounded Rectangle Toolis similar to the standard Rectangle Tool but draws the shapes with rounded corners. Press and hold Shift to draw a square with rounded corners.
- Ellipse Tool ( U )
- The Ellipse Tooldraws elliptical vector shapes, paths or pixel shapes. Press and hold Shift as you drag to draw a perfect circle.
- Line Tool ( U )
- The Line Tooldraws straight lines, either as shapes or paths. The “Weight” option in the Options Bar controls the width of the line.
- Hand Tool * ( H )
- The Hand Toollets us click and drag an image around on the screen to view different areas when zoomed in.
Photoshop Tools Summary:
Now that we’ve learned how Photoshop’s Toolbar is organized and how to access all of the tools within it, let’s look at the tools themselves. Here’s a quick summary of each tool you’ll find in the Toolbar, along with a brief description of what each tool is used for. Specific tools will be covered in more detail in other lessons. I’ve listed the tools in the order they’re displayed in the Toolbar, beginning with the Move and Selection tools at the top. An asterisk (*) after a tool’s name indicates a default tool. The letter in parenthesis is the tool’s keyboard shortcut. To cycle through tools with the same keyboard shortcut, press and hold Shift as you press the letter. Note that if you’re using Photoshop CS6, some tools are only available in the CS6 Extended version. All tools are available in Photoshop CC
The Clone Stamp Tool paints with a sampled pixels of an image.
- Open an image to your choice.
- From the Toolbox, choose the Clone Stamp Tool.
- In the Options bar, set the tool’s tip size and hardness as we did it for the Brush Tool.
- Point the cursor at the image area you want to paint with, hold down [Alt] key, then mouse-click. You have just selected the source point for cloning.
- Paint with the copied pixels.
- The “Aligned” gadget in the Options bar (checked by default) forces the source point to follow your mouse, even after you complete a stroke. In other words, every new stroke continues the image started by the first stroke.
- Deselecting the “Aligned” option starts the sample point back to its original location every time you release the mouse button. That is, every new stroke re-starts cloning your image from the source point.
- The Photoshopclone stamp tool allows you to copy one area of an image onto another area of an image. It’s extremely easy to use and one of the program’s tools that you will turn to quite often.
- The clone stamphas been a standard tool in Photoshop since the beginning. It is used by photographers and designers to remove unwanted elements from a photograph and replace them with another piece. It is common to use it to retouch blemishes on people’s faces but can be useful for any subject and any graphic.
- Photographs are made up of tiny pixelsand the clone stamp duplicates these. If you were to simply use a paintbrush, the area would be flat, lacking all dimension, tone, and shade, and it would not blend with the rest of the image.
- Essentially, the clone stamp tool replaces pixels with pixels and makes any retouching look invisible.
- Through the various versions of Photoshop, the clone stamp has inspired other very useful retouching tools such as the Pattern Stamp, Healing Brush (the Band-Aid icon), and Patch Tool. Each of these works in similar ways to the clone stamp, so if you learn how to use this one tool, the rest is easy.
- Getting great results out of the clone stamp does take practice and it’s important that you use it enough to get the hang of it. The best retouching jobis one that looks like nothing happened.
Choose the Clone Stamp Tool
In order to practice this, open a photo in Photoshop. To do so, go to File > Open. Browse to the photo on your computer, select the filename, and click open. Any photo will do for practice, but if you have one that needs some retouching use that one.
The clone stamp tool is located on your Photoshop toolbar. If you do not see the toolbar (a vertical set of icons), go to Window > Tools to bring it up. Click the tool to select it — it looks like an old-fashioned rubber stamp.
Tip: You can always see what a tool is by rolling over it and waiting for the tool name to appear.
Choose Brush Options:
Once on the Photoshop clone stamp tool, you can set your brush options. These are located at the top of the screen (unless you’ve changed the default working space).Brush size and shape, opacity, flow, and blending modes can all be changed to suit your needs .If you want to copy an exact area, you will leave the opacity, flow, and blending mode at their default settings, which is 100 percent and Normal mode. You will only have to choose a brush size and shape.
Tip: You can quickly change the brush size and shape by right-clicking on the image.
To get a feel for the tool’s function, retain the 100 percent opacity. As you employ the tool more often, you will find yourself adjusting this. For instance, to retouch a person’s face, an opacity of 20 percent or lower will lightly blend the skin to an even tone. You may need to clone it more times, but the effect will be smoother.
Select an Area to Copy From
The clone stamp is such a great tool because it lets you copy from one area of a photo to another using any type of brush. This can be useful for tricks such as covering up blemishes
(by copying from another part of skin) or removing trees from a mountain view (by copying parts of the sky over them).To select the area you want to copy from, move your mouse to the area you want to duplicate and Alt-click (Windows) or Option-click (Mac). The cursor will change to a target: click the exact spot you want to start copying from.
Tip: By selecting the Aligned in the clone stamp tool options, your target will follow the movement of your cursor as you retouch. This is often desirable because it uses multiple points for the target. To make the target remain stationary, uncheck the Aligned box.
Click and drag over the area you want to replace or correct and you will see the area you selected in step 4 start to “cover” your photo. Play around with different brush settings and try replacing different areas of your photo until you get the hang of it.
Tip: Remember this tool can also be useful for fixing images other than photographs. You may want to quickly copy an area of an illustration or fix up a background graphic for a website.
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